Herbert Hoover

     Herbert Hoover was the president of the
US when the Great Depression started.  Many
of the people who were unemployed and
homeless blamed Hoover for the Depression. 
Hoover had been a very popular president
before the Depression started.  In 1928 while
he was running for president, things were
looking good in America.  In fact one of
Hoover's campaign solgans was "Two cars in
every garage and a chicken in every pot!" When the stock market crashed he took quick action.   The problem was he did the wrong things.  Probably the worst thing the government did was to raise tariffs.  Herbert Hoover really believed that things would get better, that everything would be alright and that the government should let the economy run itself.  He often said "the worst has passed"  People who were standing in bread lines did not agree with Hoover at all.  They were mad, and blamed the president for what had happened.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
    Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected
president of the US in 1932, defeating
Herber Hoover by a landslide.  The Great
Depression was in full force and FDR
promised a "New Deal".  Roosevelt gave
hope to many Americans, assuring them they had "nothing to fear but fear itself."  The New Deal was Roosevelt's plan to get the country back on it's feet.  Roosevelt felt that the only way to get America out of the Great Depression was for the government to pull it out.  The program was basically a group of government programs and agencies designed to help all Americans get back to work, and give them money they could use to help their families now.  The programs were sometimes referred to as Roosevelt's alphabet soup because of their popular alphabetical titles.  Some of the titles were the WPA for the Works Progress Administration, the CCC for the Civilian Conservation Corps, the PWA for the Public Works Administration, and the SSA for the Social Security Administration.  Even though The New Deal helped Americans, The Great Depression would not truly end until America became invovled in WWII in 1941.